Lepidus and Antony both spoke in the Senate the following day, accepting an amnesty for the assassins in return for preservation of their offices and Caesar’s reforms. [22] Brutus eventually surrendered. The triumvirate’s legal life span was for five years. Spell. He fled to Etruria. However, a few sentences later he wrote that it was his army which switched sides. [25], Asconius Pedianus and an entry in Livy's Periochae also mentioned a conflict in Sardinia. But, Lepidus, go you to Caesar's house; Fetch the will hither, and we shall determine How to cut off some charge in legacies. During these operations, Lepidus then fell ill and died. He had family ties to this province. Lepidus was forced to flee to Octavian’s camp. According to Lepidus’s biographer Richard D. Weigel, Lepidus’ willingness to give up his legions inevitably consigned him to a subsidiary role in the triumvirate. Flashcards. However, in his opinion, he did not because he recalled the survivors of Sulla's enemies which, he felt, he did for no other purpose than for a war. focuses on a chronological and categorized collection of various environmental and social events that accompanied the Fall of the Roman Empire. Unlike the First Triumvirate of Caesar, Pompey, and Crassus, this one was formally constituted. John Hazel, Who’s Who in the Roman World, Routledge, London, 2001. There is no mention of Pompey. In 77 BC, when Lepidus had left for his proconsular command (he was allocated the provinces of Cisalpine and Transalpine Gaul to the north of Italy), his political opponents moved against him. However, he refused to join him because the outlook was less promising than he had thought and because he did not think that Lepidus was a good leader. He was recalled from his proconsular command. They formed the Second Triumvirate, legalized with the name of Triumvirs for Confirming the Republic with Consular Power (Triumviri Rei Publicae Constituendae Consulari Potestate) by the Lex Titia of 43 BC. IV,1,1862. Holland, Tom, Rubicon: The Triumph and Tragedy of the Roman Republic, Abacus, 2004, ISBN 0-349-11563-X, 316. As soon as Lepidus learned of Caesar’s murder, he acted decisively to maintain order by moving troops to the Campus Martius. 3 Educator answers. [18] In the following year there were disturbances in Etruria. [19], In Plutarch's account, Lepidus was opposed by his fellow consul, Quintus Lutatius Catulus, who was supported by the Roman senate (in the civil wars Sulla had been a supporter of the senatorial aristocracy against the Marians who espoused the cause of the common people). On 22 September 36 BC Lepidus was stripped of all his offices except that of Pontifex Maximus. Sending Lepidus for Caesar’s will, Antony expresses contempt for Lepidus and plans with Octavius to raise an army to fight the troops of Brutus and Cassius. In an entry in the chronological tables of St. Jerome Hieronymus, it is stated that Lepidus was declared a public enemy.[24]. He was gaining the upper hand, but Pompey arrived form Gaul and crushed his enemy. Lepidus had mobilised support in a large part of Italy and sent Marcus Junius Brutus to hold Gallia Cisalpina with an army. The Senate instructed Octavian to hand over control of the troops to Decimus Brutus, but he refused. Two members of his family had been governors in Sicily in 218 BC and 191 BC respectively. Act Four, Scene One. Therefore, it might be that at the beginning of this conflict Rome had no consuls and that they were elected late on during the conflict or afterwards, Pliny the Elder wrote that when Lepidus died, his body was ejected from the funeral pyre by the force of the flames and he was cremated naked on other faggots. "[15], In Florus' account, which has survived only in fragments, after having destabilised the city when he was a consul, Lepidus went to Etruria, gathered an army and marched on Rome. In Plutarch's account, Pompey undertook a long siege of Brutus in Mutina. He expresses trust in Lepidus and is less disillusioned than Antony. Test. Antony claims allegiance to Brutus and the conspirators after Caesar’s … In the event of a defeat, Lepidus’ territories would provide a fall-back position. But, Lepidus, go you to Caesar's house; Fetch the will hither, and we shall determine : How to cut off some charge in legacies. He wrote that "Lepidus gathered together the dispossessed, whose land had been taken over by Sulla after his victory to make new colonies for his soldiers, and also the children of the proscribed. When he refused to return they declared him an enemy of the state and passed a Consultum Ultimum (a.k.a. When he refused to return they declared him an enemy of the state and passed a Consultum Ultimum (a.k.a. We do not have any information about what he did when he was there. This was probably in 81 BC. It is unclear whether Lepidus’ troops forced him to join with Antony, whether that was always Lepidus’s plan, or whether he arranged matters to gauge the situation and make the best deal. He negotiated a deal with the rebel leader, quaestor Marcellus, and helped defeat an attack by the Mauretanian king Bogud. They persuaded Pompey, who had several legions' worth of veterans in Picenum (in the north-east of Italy) ready to take up arms at his command, to join their cause. [15] The colony Sulla established in Etruria was at Faesulae. Lepidus continued to assure the Senate of his loyalty, but engaged in negotiations with Antony. Pompey, invested as a legate with propraetorial powers, quickly recruited an army from among his veterans and threatened Lepidus, who had marched his army to Rome, from the north. Lepidus and Junia Secunda had at least one child, Marcus Aemilius Lepidus the Younger. Lepidus agrees that his brother can be killed as long as Antony agrees for his nephew to be killed. He was probably aedile while Sulla was in Greece fighting the First Mithridatic War. [2] In 77 BC, when he was recalled from his proconsulship of Gaul, he returned to Rome at the head of an army and an armed conflict erupted. He served to balance the power of Antony and young Octavius Caesar, because he was a threat to neither Octavius nor Antony. ’ wife Junia was unfaithful to him the adherents of Pompey attacked merchant ships which... 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