In 1940 Duval County farmers devoted 16,736 acres to sorghum culture; in 1959 that total had dropped slightly, to 15,701 acres, but by 1982 it had risen to 34,334 acres that yielded 1,447,319 bushels. The county being without perennial streams, dependence has been placed on wells, and only a small per cent of the land has yet been brought under cultivation. In the late nineteenth century ranching was Duval County's most important industry. In gratitude to Alfredo E. Cardenas for keeping our history alive!! In subsequent years cotton has diminished in importance to the county economy; only 4,159 bales were ginned in 1936, 1,656 in 1945, 1,124 in 1950, and a mere 571 in 1969. Of the total area of 1,168,000 acres, about 42,000 acres had been reclaimed so as to be regarded "improved land." The U.S. Census counted 11,533 people living in Duval County in 2014; about 10 percent were Anglo and 88.5 percent Hispanic. 23 Remarkable Conditions in Duval County: Protest By Citizens Against Proposed Division, Privately printed pamphlet can be found in the Eugene C. Barker Texas History Center, Circa 1915. pp. If you wish to use copyrighted material from this site for purposes of your own that go beyond fair use, you must obtain permission from the copyright owner. Duval County had 20,667 cattle, excluding milk cows, in 1920; in 1940 the total was 49,025, and in the mid-1950s the county was considered one of the state's leading beef producers. Yet his power did not go unchallenged. By Alfredo E. Cardenes. They were disrupted by the Apache and Comanche incursions from the north and by the Spanish pushing north from Mexico. The percentage of those over the age of twenty-five who had graduated from high school rose from 7.6 percent in 1950 to 11.3 percent in 1960 and 36.6 percent in 1980, but the latter figure still lagged well behind the state average of 62.2 percent. In 2002 the county had 1,228 farms and ranches covering 850,360 acres, 74 percent of which were devoted to pasture, 19 percent to crops, and 5 percent to woodlands. Evan Anders, Boss Rule in South Texas: The Progressive Era (Austin: University of Texas Press, 1982). BESS, TEXAS (Duval County). Twenty-three percent of the county's workers were employed in other counties, 31 percent in agriculture and mining, 21 percent in professional services, and 14 percent in wholesale or retail trade. Duval County lies In the southwest part of Texas; San Diego, the county seat. A Paralleling the production of oil, the population declined in the second half of the twentieth century. The vegetation consists of small trees, shrubs, and cacti, with large areas of brush. In 1910 there were 2,235 of Mexican birth, and upwards of 3,000 inhabitants of Mexican parentage. A County created from Live Oak, Nueces, and Starr counties in 1858, organized in 1876; named for Burr H. Duval, a victim of Goliad massacre. II, The American Historical Society Chicago and New York 1916 - Transcribed by … Through the establishment of Pat Dunn and Lanham counties he apparently hoped to increase the patronage jobs and tax revenue at his disposal, but he was foiled both times. Benavides became the county seat of Dunn County, while Hebbronville was accorded a similar honor for Jim Hogg County. Production climbed to 3,570 bales by 1910 and 7,133 bales by 1920, however, and continued to climb for most of the next decade. A post office under the name of Mindiette operated there for less than a year in 1879, with Fabian Favela as postmaster. Birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records. Published by the Texas State Historical Association. by GenealogyTrails. The Texas Legislature established Duval County on February 1, 1858, naming it for Burr H. Duval, a soldier in the Texas Revolution who died in the Goliad Massacre. The county was named for Burr H. Duval, who fought in the Texas Revolution and was killed in the Goliad Massacre. Parr was elected to the Duval County Commissioners Court in 1898, but he did not become the dominant figure in local politics until the assassination of the Duval County Democratic chieftain John Cleary in 1907. Duval County was a scene of disturbance during the border troubles of the '70s. reset. In the 1988 and 1992 presidential elections 82 percent of the county's voters cast ballots for the Democratic candidate. Until recently Duval was one of the South Texas counties with an area of more than a million acres, over twice the average size of the counties in the more populous and better developed sections of the state. In 1982 Duval County ranked ninth in the state in the production of peaches, with 9,500 bushels, and third in the state in the production of dry cowpeas and dry southern peas, with 24,460 bushels. A second post office named Shaeffer after a local rancher opened in 1883 with John F. Leo Phelan as postmaster. We created this eBook for you, and it was made possible through the contributions of our members and supporters. In 1848 Ventura Flores sold some land on San Diego Creek to Pablo Pérez. Soy de Duval, the Nineteenth Century History of Duval County, Texas. While beef cattle generated most of the area’s agricultural income, dairy products and cotton, vegetable, grains, and hay were also produced in the county. Based on the 2010 census, the population was 864,263. When Luby defected from the Democratic to the Republican party, he almost singlehandedly made the GOP an important factor in Duval County politics. Yes, I would like to begin receiving history-rich content, news, and updates from TSHA. The community Perez established there, called Perezville, was the precursor of San Diego. Map of the South Texas Plains region covering Duval County, Texas. Duval County is a county located in the state of Texas. These chapters deal with the county’s Prehistory, Los Indios, Los Mexicanos, Los Españoles, Medio Mexico, and Los Americanos. Even though Duval County lies in the United States, it has long been Mexican in character. 24 Garza, Aida. Create New Account. Professor of American History The University of Texas With the Assistance of Ernest William Winkler, M.A. Duval County's climate has likely remained unchanged for centuries, but beginning in the late nineteenth century cattle ranching, which was the county's main industry, and farming have had significant effects on the county's vegetation and water supply. More than 1,365,000 barrels of oil, and 72,169,865 thousand cubic feet of gas well gas, were produced in the county in 2004; by the end of that year 585,742,696 barrels of oil had been taken from county lands since 1905. or. In 1920 the amount of improved farmland rose to 52,232 acres and the number of farms to 754; 324 of these were operated by tenants, but the average size had declined to 584 acres. Duval County, Texas. In fact, only once between 1916 and 1972 did the Democratic candidate receive less than 74 percent of the vote in Duval County; that year, 1956, a mere 68 percent voted Democratic. The average minimum temperature is 43° F in January, and the average maximum temperature is 98° in July. Master Theses, Antioch College, Lincoln-Juarez Center, Undated. By 1970 the population was 11,722, and in 1980 it had risen slightly to 12,517, 144th among Texas counties. San Diego has always been the chief center of population, estimated at between 1,500 and 2,000 for the past twenty years. (This past week, the Bullock Texas State History Museum in Austin hosted a two-day conference, underwritten by the National Endowment for the Humanities, commemorating “The Centennial of the 1919 C… The Handbook of Texas is free-to-use thanks to the support of readers like you. About See All. For more information go to: Duval County Texas Family Ranch Cemeteries has 549 members. In 1878, the Corpus Christi, San Diego & Rio Grande Railroad (now the Texas-Mexican), a narrow-gauge line, was completed from the gulf fifty-three miles to San Diego, and in 1880 extended through Duval County. Duval County, TX Vital Records. Duval County Museum and Historical Commission invite you to explore events and exhibits that will connect you to Duval County's rich heritage and history. The census enumerators in 1910 found 34,652 cattle; about 7,000 horses and mules; less than 2,000 sheep, and 7,297 goats, much attention having been given to the latter industry. 5. The county was founded in 1858 and later organized in 1876. The Marqués de Rubí reportedly crossed the area upon his return from the Spanish frontier in 1767. Community See All. Duval County, Texas Residential Property Valuation Duval County, Texas Assessor Parcel Maps – Public Information & Property Records – Duval County Not Now. / Support the Handbook today. The seminomadic Coahuiltecans hunted bison, deer, javelinas, and smaller mammals, as well as snakes, lizards, terrapins, and other reptiles. In a Mexican and Indian raid of 1878 the raiders committed murder and depredations at the Toribio, Soledad and Charco Escondido ranches in this county, while a company of United States cavalry was stationed at San Diego. “Duval County,” San Diego remains the county seat of Duval, as it has since the organization of the county. George Parr, the "Duke of Duval," and his cronies became more deeply entrenched than ever, despite his imprisonment in 1936 for tax evasion. Evan Anders, Boss Rule in South Texas: The Progressive Era (Austin: University of Texas Press, 1982). A The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this entry. In 1940, at the height of the oil boom, the county population was 20,565. There's some spooky history here in Texas. Between 1912 and 1918 Ed C. Lasater, a wealthy South Texas rancher, and C. W. Robinson, the Duval County Democratic chairman, both attempted to bring Parr down, but neither succeeded. Overgrazing led to the destruction of the watershed and clogged the springs that fed the county's streams, most of which are now intermittent, and, in combination with the suppression of grass fires, allowed mesquite to become dominant. At the peak of manufacturing in 1900 the county had only seven manufacturing establishments that together employed only twenty-eight people, and throughout most of the twentieth century the number of such establishments has ranged between two and six. Of the 254 counties in the Lone Star State, 1,795-square-mile Duval County ranks 14th by size. Based on the 2010 census, its population was 11,782. Interactive guide for accessing County resources, information and records. Duval County was created in 1822. 37 check-ins. Texas History, Genealogy, Old Photos, Postcards, Maps, and Information. By Email - Jorge Gonzalez Ironically, it was an Anglo, a former cowhand and schoolteacher named Archer Parr, who turned this imbalance to his advantage by soliciting the Mexican Americans, whom his fellow Anglo politicians had traditionally ignored. Duval County Courthouse 400 E Gravis Ave, San Diego, TX 78384. Ellis carried out his experiment about a mile and a half northeast of the San Diego railroad station. This county was created from portions of Live Oak, Nueces and Starr Counties in 1858 and organized In 1876. --Editor "I was born in Brackenridge Hospital, Austin and my parents lived on a farm that was the location of the former town of Duval, Texas. Of those twenty-five and older, 60 percent had graduated from high school and 9 percent had college degrees. They sent orders to the citizens of San Diego to bring enough money to buy the stolen hides or enough men to skin the hide-peelers. The White influx led to the county's most enduring characteristic: a vast Mexican-American majority held in thrall by a small but wealthy and influential White minority. Source: A History of Texas and Texans by Frank W. Johnson, A Leader in the Texas Revolution Edited and Brought to Date by Eugene C. Barker, Ph.D. Farming and ranching in Duval County have never regained the importance they had during the late nineteenth century. Despite this civilizing influence, however, Duval County could still be a wild and dangerous place. Where can find Duval County Birth, marriage, Divorce and Death Records? In 1867 Father Claude Jaillet built a church in San Diego that became the only public place of worship between Corpus Christi and the Rio Grande. History . At least part of the overall decline can be attributed to the problematic nature of the local economy. This year's celebration will be held Nov. 1 and 2 and would have been the fourth annual Dia de los Muertos event held at the Duval County Texas Historical Museum. 941 people follow this. Texas State Historical Association (TSHA), In subsequent decades the number of farms again increased, while the average size again decreased. Javascript is required to view this map. The County is located in the south-central area of the state. The northern part of the county drains into the Nueces River, while the central and southern parts drain into the Laguna Madre through Baffin Bay.
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