Width: 12 feet. Members of the Betulaceae are well represented in the Cenozoic of the Northern Hemisphere (Crane and Stockey, 1987) (FIG. – chiranthodendron P: Genus Cola Schott & Endl. The evidence obtained from such a series can then be used to test the other features in the wood. The APG and APG II systems unite Bombacaceae, Malvaceae sensu stricto, Sterculiaceae and Tiliaceae into a more widely circumscribed Malvaceae, i.e., Malvaceae sensu lato. P: Genus Agalinis Raf. Traditionally included in the family Sterculiaceae, it is included in the expanded Malvaceae in the APG and most subsequent systematics. ... Tree Characteristics. Width: 12 feet. Rounded Shape. Seed pod characteristics are imoportant in separating genera in the family. Genera are now placed in the family Malvaceae, in the subfamilies: Byttnerioideae, Dombeyoideae, Helicteroideae and Sterculioideae. Longevity Less than 50 years. Wilkie, P., Clark, A., Pennington, R. T., Cheek, M., Bayer, C. & Wilcock, C. C. (2006).Phylogenetic Relationships within the Subfamily Sterculioideae (Malvaceae/Sterculiaceae-Sterculieae) Using the Chloroplast Gene ndhF. The members of this family are distributed throughout the world. mexicanum Fremontia mexicana. C. Tea-Family Theaceae (Camelliaceae) Camellia sinensis; Old World Crop; tea party-Plant Characteristics. Some plants are shrubs and tree-like. Bombacaceae members’ flowers are often large and showy. The fruit is variable; sometimes the – angelon P: Genus Antirrhinum L. – snapdragon P Cola Schott & Endl. Examination of these characteristics suggests that a number of genera should be transferred from the Bombacaceae to the Sterculiaceae (Camptostemon, Matisia, pro parte) or to the Malvaceae (Hampea). comprising about 65 genera and 1,000 species that are further characterized by the Sterculiaceae was a family of flowering plants: based on the genus Sterculia. The flowers are Genera: 2. Hutchinson placed the single family under Malvales. a tube that commonly surrounds the ovary or arises from an androgynophore. Growth Rate: 36 Inches per Year. – amphianthus P: Genus Angelonia Humb. Growth Rate: 36 Inches per Year. Leaves alternate, simple, stipulate. Family: Sterculiaceae Danta Other Common Names: Kotibe (Ivory Coast), Otutu (Nigeria), Owoe (Cameroon), Arborbo (Gabon), Kondofindo (Zaire), Naouya (Angola), Abumana, Akumaba, Epro (Ghana). presence of stellate hairs. It is allied to the mallow family (Malvaceae), to which the cotton plant belongs, and is characteristic of the tropics. Species: 25 (approx.) The androecium most Classic name for willow. The Sterculiaceae are trees, shrubs, or herbs comprising about 65 genera and 1,000 species that are further characterized by the presence of stellate hairs. Sterculiaceae – Cacao Family Plants in the mainly tropical and subtropical Cacao Family (Sterculiaceae) are trees, shrubs, or rarely perennial herbs with mucilaginous, fibrous bark, simple, alternate leaves, flowers with 5 or 0 petals, and fruit in the form of … Family: Salicaceae (Willow Family) (lat. Title: Microsoft Word - Vol 12 text.published.02Oct2007.doc Author: Nick Turland Created Date: 10/3/2007 2:36:52 PM This family has more than 217 genera and around 2,500 species. That … ex Cav. vegetative; fruits fruits/seeds seeds-Cacao Processing-Is chocolate good for you? Engler and Prantl put this family together with Tiliaceae, Bombaceae and Sterculiaceae in the order Malvales. The following is a list of some important members of family Arecaceae, arranged alphabetically. – false foxglove P: Genus Alectra Thunb. The gynoecium Leaves Lobed and Palmate, Green, No Change, Evergreen. Characteristics: Classification: Cover Crops: Culturally Significant ... Family: Sterculiaceae – Cacao family Genus: Ayenia L. – ayenia Species: Ayenia ardua Cristobal – wingstem ayenia Subordinate Taxa. Distribution: Found from Sierra Leone to Cameroon and northern Gabon, occupies mixed and dry deciduous forests and transitional forests. Family: Malvaceae Previously listed in the Sterculiaceae family. Scrophulariaceae, the figwort family of flowering plants, one of 26 in the order Lamiales, containing about 65 genera and 1,700 species with worldwide distribution. Well-known members of economic importance include okra, cotton, cacao and durian.There are also some genera containing familiar ornamentals, such as Alcea (hollyhock), Malva (mallow) and Lavatera (tree mallow), as well as Tilia (lime or linden tree). Fremontodendron californicum subsp. Primitive characters: 1. Numerous phylogenetic studies have revealed that Sterculiaceae, Tiliaceae and Bombacaceae as traditionally defined are cladistically polyphyletic. an equal number of distinct or variously connate styles, and a superior ovary with usually 4-5 locules, each with 2-several axile ovules. Height: 20 feet. frequently consists of two whorls of 5 stamens each, these united by their filaments into Yes, that's the new edition of Heywood, which chops Malvaceae sensu APG into about 12 families, including a narrow Sterculiaceae (and Helicteroideae becomes Helictereaceae and Durionaceae, and I think that Byttnerioideae is chopped into several families). Plants in the Hamamelidaceae are deciduous shrubs or small trees with simple leaves that grow alternately along the stem. sepals, but sometimes an equal number of petals are also present. Additional Common Names. The Thorne system takes an intermediate approach in combining the bulk of the traditional Sterculiaceae (but not including Sterculia itself) with elements of the traditional Tiliaceae to form the family Byttneriaceae. Rounded Shape. It is used as a binder for making low calorie dough-based products such as pasta, bread and other bakery products. P: Genus Ayenia L. – ayenia P: Genus Brachychiton Schott & Endl. – alectra P: Genus Amphianthus Torr. D. ID 10857 Symbol Key BRACH13 Common Name brachychiton Family Sterculiaceae Category Dicot Division Magnoliophyta US Nativity N/A US/NA Plant Yes State Distribution CA, LA, VI Growth Habit N/A Sterculiaceae may be separated from Malvaceae sensu stricto by the smooth surface of the pollen grains and the bilocular anthers. The leaves are deciduous but most remain on the plant long into the winter (i.e., the leaves are marcescent). Family: Hamamelidaceae. It is also used to prevent syneresis and improve the spreadability characteristics of cheese spreads. Based on Sequences of the Chloroplast Gene. 22.177). Description: In this region, Sterculiaceae are all trees and shrubs except for the liana genus Byttneria.Most of them are easy to identify to order Malvales by their 3-veined leaves with stellate trichomes and double-pulvinar petioles, but in some cases familial assignment is almost impossible without first identifying the genus. witch hazel family. Bombacaceae, the bombax or kapok family of flowering trees and shrubs, in the mallow order (Malvales), comprising 27 genera. Paracarpinus is an elliptic leaf with a finely toothed margin that is similar to leaves of the extant genus Carpinus.The areoles of P. chaneyi are regularly arranged and four to five sided (Manchester and Crane, 1987). Malvaceae: Byttnerioideae, Helicteroideae & Sterculioideae - formerly Sterculiaceae Wild, H. (1960-1) Sterculiaceae Flora Zambesiaca 1(2) Description of the family vegetative-Tea Processing: green , black, etc. However, the relationships between the clades were not resolved. -Family Sterculiaceae. 2. Has Evergreen foliage. Malvaceae, or the mallows, is a family of flowering plants estimated to contain 244 genera with 4225 known species. actinomorphic or rarely zygomorphic, and are bisexual or not uncommonly functionally lobed or compound; stipules are present but they are shed early. Its members are characterized by strong trunks and toddy yielding inflorescences. 3. 2001. [1], L. Watson and M.J. Dallwitz (1992 onwards), https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Sterculiaceae&oldid=985246956, Historically recognized angiosperm families, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. This family consists of palm plants. The most famous products of the family are chocolate and cocoa from Theobroma cacao, followed by kola nuts. – brachychiton P: Genus Chiranthodendron Cerv. Synonyms. A., C. Bayer, and D. A. Baum. Sterculiaceae A family of trees, shrubs, climbers, and herbs that have stellate hairs or scales. attained by any family, such as the Sterculiaceae, and also to arrange the genera within the family in order, representing an advancing series of specialization in regard to vessel-member length, pitting or ray type. Medicinal uses of some species from family Sterculiaceae Plants from family Sterculiaceae have long been used as traditional medicine in several countries and tribes. A 2006 molecular study indicated the Sterculioideae was most likely to be a monophyletic group, and that it had four major clades within it. Has Evergreen foliage. Presence of mucilage in plant parts. Sterculiaceae had previously been recognized as a family by most systematists; in its traditional sense the family includes about 70 genera, totalling around 1,500 species of tropical trees and shrubs. The Sterculiaceae are trees, shrubs, or herbs – cola P: Genus Commersonia J.R. Forst. Trochetia parviflora is a very rare shrub from the Trochetia genus endemic to Mauritius. Family Scrophulariaceae – Figwort family : Contains 95 Genera and 1228 accepted taxa overall : Down one level : Genus Adenosma R. Br. Family Sterculiaceae – Cacao family : Contains 19 Genera and 32 accepted taxa overall : Down one level : Genus Abroma Jacq. It differs from Malvaceae in stellate hairs, dithecous anthers and polyadelphous stamens. Whitlock, B. Family: Sterculiaceae Trochetia Origin: Mauritius. In that view the taxa formerly classified in Sterculiaceae are treated in the subfamilies Byttnerioideae, Dombeyoideae, Helicteroideae and Sterculioideae of the Malvaceae sensu lato. Almost all parts of the plants including root, bark, and leaf of the species from the family were reported to exhibit a broad range of medicinal properties (Table 1). consists of a single compound pistil of usually 4-5 sometimes weakly associated carpels, Genera are now placed in the family Malvaceae, in the subfamilies: Byttnerioideae, Dombeyoideae, Helicteroideae and Sterculioideae. In our region, it is represented by a single species. carpels are completely distinct at maturity. Phylogenetic Relationships and Floral Evolution of the Byttnerioideae ("Sterculiaceae" or Malvaceae s.l.) As traditionally circumscribed the Sterculiaceae, Malvaceae, Bombacaceae, and Tiliaceae comprise the "core Malvales" of the Cronquist system and the close relationship among these families is generally recognized. SOUTHERN FLANNEL BUSH, MEXICAN FLANNEL BUSH. Each "thumbnail" image below is linked to a larger photograph. Introduction. 4. (Sterculiaceae) is a genus of about 125 species of trees indigenous to the tropical rain-forest African region (Ratsch, 2005).Phylogenetic information reveals that the genus was formerly classified in the family Malvaceae, subfamily Sterculioideae and was later transfered into the separate family Sterculiaceae. Tree Characteristics. This method has been applied More Taxa Info; Guides; Places; Site Stats; Help; Video Tutorials; Log In or Sign Up The family Tiliaceae is related to Sterculiaceae in habit, leaves, stipules and androphore (Grewia). Sterculiaceae definition is - a large family of herbs, shrubs, or trees (order Malvales) distinguished mainly by the numerous monadelphous stamens and 2-celled anthers. Comparisons of descriptions compiled for this package show Sterculiaceae differing from Malvaceae sensu stricto (q.v.) Many species yield timber. The leaves are alternate and simple or infrequently palmately lobed or compound; stipules are present but they are shed early. 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