Surely all of this is insane! Now all of this is relevant to the American political system where those who run for political office often have no relevant knowledge of the issues; often they are ignorant of economics, science, political theory, history, religion, nuclear weapons, and more. Introduction. Jefferson was a strong advocate for trusting the people, and he offered two key arguments. Most people look to Republic and Laws to begin to see Plato’s political thoughts. One is frequently amazed at just how dramatic many of these dialogues are, considering their lofty topics. From his forties to his trip to Southern Italy, his work was largely influenced by his teacher. Learn how your comment data is processed. Plato describes the nature of justice in this influential work of political philosophy, the Republic. Good Lord, man, what next? I want a physician to treat me, not someone who plays one on TV. This is not an example of the work produced by our Essay Writing Service. In addition, Plato thought that the ruling class should be morally excellent, and in The Republic, he lays out a plan to ensure, as far as humanly possible, that virtuous individuals compose the ruling class. Yet the popularity of Mr. Trump provides compelling evidence that “the people” are idiots. Now I do realize that intellectual excellence is merely a necessary and not a sufficient condition for good governing, but necessary it is. Liked it? But, as readers of this blog know, the best solution I know of to change our world is to use technology to change the human genome and the brain itself. Plato’s Republic can be said to center on a single concept which he tries to expand throughout the entirety of the book, namely, the concept of justice. This justice was referred to everyone had the proper job in accordance to their … The first was that, however bad democracy was, it was always superior to the alternatives considered viable at the time: monarchy or aristocracy or some combination thereof. [1], In the Republic, Plato's Socrates raises a number of objections to democracy. Plato was a political philosopher first and foremost, in large part, because the birth of philosophy was contingent to morality—and morality to the political because the highest good of the Greek world was the polis. Because the faculty would be selected by Congress, it would not be tainted in the minds of right-wing voters as just another ivory tower of leftist fanatics. We will write a custom Essay on Philosophy: Plato’s Republic versus Aristotle’s Politics specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page. I. In his dialogue The Republic, Plato lays out an educational plan to help ensure, as far as possible, that politicians—like physicians, attorneys, nurses, physicists, and philosophy professors—are educated in areas relevant to making important decisions for the society. The ontological dualism. How can an ignorant person even identify knowledgeable ones? We have all had the notion driven into our heads that democracy is the highest and best form of political structure. He became a student of Socrates and was deeply moved by his views. Plato had also attended courses of philosophy; before meeting Socrates, he first became acquainted with Cratylus (a disciple of Heraclitus, a prominent pre-Socratic Greek philosopher) and the Heraclitean doctrines. Plato’s political philosophy is the first great theoretical examination of political life and is arguably the core of Plato’s philosophy generally: his most comprehensive and well-known work, the Republic, centers on the basic political question of justice. B.C. This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. This setting is crucially linked to the theme of the Laws. Summary of his thought School of Athens (detail: Plato) Rafael - 1509-1510 . Democracy, in Plato’s view, is the worst form of government and would have a tendency toward self-dissolution. [Plato] was a disgruntled old man, full of political rancor, fearing and hating the crowd and above all their demagogues; his prejudices had crystallized and he had become an old doctrinaire, unable to see anything but the reflections of his own personality and to hear anything but the echoes of … 2. As for the moral component, this is a more difficult thing to recognize. Most of the changes necessary to reform our republic are politically impossible. Plato's political philosophy has been the subject of much criticism. An ideal society consists of three main classes of peopleproducers (craftsmen, farmers, artisans, etc. [We might also consider some minimal qualifications for voting too, as so many are low information voters.]. And thoughtful men need to thank them in diverse and and profound ways over the next decade or two (though we’ll surely forget, but perhaps they’ll remind us). The children of the guardian class will be tested, and only the most wise and virtuous will become rulers. Philosopher Kings: are the most intelligent, rational, self-controlled, in love with wisdom, and well suited to make decisions for the community, and who promote the interests of the society as a whole. Doc, you are spot on, as usual, especially about women saving us, cause the data clearly suggests they will, thank Sagan. The traditional date of Plato's birth (428/427) is based on a dubious interpretation of Diogenes Laertius, who says, "When [Socrates] was gone, [Plato] joined Cratylus the Heracleitean and Hermogenes, who philoso… Unlike most philosophers, Aristotles political experience is undeniable as he was tutor of Alexander the Great, King of Macedonias. And like Plato, I believe that persons applying to hold a political office should have to pass some kind of exams to demonstrate knowledge of the relevant issues, in the same way, one must pass medical boards (physicians), or the bar (attorneys), or comprehensive examinations (PhD) in order to practice in those realms. A Summary of Plato’s Political Theory and American Politics 2016 October 24, 2016 Plato, Politics - General Plato argued that we can’t have a good life without good government, and he also believed that we can’t have good governments without intellectually and morally excellent leaders. In metaphysics Plato envisioned a systematic, rational treatment of the forms and their interrelations, starting with the most fundamental among them (the Good, or the One); in ethics and moral psychology he developed the view that the good life requires not just a certain kind of knowledge (as Socrates had suggested) but also habituation to healthy emotional responses and therefore harmony between the … If you want to know about the merits of a lawsuit you would consult an attorney, not a pharmacist or plumber. But surely the fact that physicians, nurses, attorneys, physicists, and philosophers endure long periods of training and must pass multiple examinations makes them more likely to be qualified to do their jobs than if they were chosen randomly or by a vote of the ignorant. Since individuals, dominated by their own desires and lusts, would vie for power and become embroiled in political conflict, democracy would tend toward entropy. He also argues that in a system in which everyone has a right to rule all sorts of selfish people who care nothing for the people but are only motivated by their own personal desires are able to attain power. The sailors don't even know that there is such a thing as the craft of navigation. IV. The THEORY OF The IDEAS And PLATO’S EPISTEMOLOGY. Platos Contribution In Political Science Philosophy Essay. Gray, “Elegy Written in a Country Churchyard”, Dickinson, “Because I could not stop for Death “, Noonan: “An Almost Absolute Value in History”, Warren: “On the Moral and Legal Status of Abortion”, Williams: “The Wrongfulness of Euthanasia”, Steinbock: “The Morality of Killing Human Embryos”, Kass: “Beyond Therapy: Biotechnology & …”, Lauritzen: “Stem Cells, Biotech & Human Rights …”, Mappes: “Sexual Morality and the Concept of Using …”, Dwyer: “Illegal Immigrants, Health Care, & Social …”, Dickinson: “The Brain is wider than the Sky”, Frost, “Stopping By Woods on a Snowy Evening”, Summary of Michael Shermer’s, The Science of Good and Evil, A Philosopher’s Lifelong Search for Meaning, Summary of Bill Joy's, "Why the future doesn't need us,”, Summary of Plato's Theory of Human Nature, Election Recounts and the Backfire Effect. Plato’s Republic: Key Political Concepts in a Brief Summary . PLATO (428-348 b.C.) As for the argument that leaders don’t have to know anything, just choose good experts to advise them, I say balderdash. Since running the society is of the utmost importance, Plato believed it imperative that those holding political positions be at least minimally knowledgeable of politics, history, economics, science and more. Plato's ideal rulers are philosopher-kings. He goes to much effort to carefully set the scene of each dia- logue and to develop the personalities of each of the characters in them. Your email address will not be published. Now none of this guarantees that will we get good politicians, nor that society will flourish as a result because even after long periods of training there are incompetent and immoral politicians, physicians and philosophy professors. The philosopher came from one of the wealthiest and most politically active families in Athens. But I do know what Mr. Hart means. The Theory of the Ideas and plato’S ontology. http://www.theaudiopedia.com What is PLATO'S POLITICAL PHILOSOPHY? Mr. Hart, if you don’t like “balderdash”, perhaps you could approve of “stultiloquence” or “blatherskite”. I. These three men are walking the path that Minos (a legendary lawgiver of Crete) and his father followed every nine years to receive the guidance of Zeus. Plato's political philosophy has thus often been considered totalitarian. The fatal flaw of the two-party system is illustrated by the current election: a dangerous candidate who gets a plurality of the votes in primaries can end up winning the nomination, and party loyalty then gives him a real shot at winning the election. To combat corruption, Plato's Socrates suggests that the rulers would live simply and communally. The Socrates seen in Plato’s dialogues converses with extraordinarily diverse interlocutors, including, inter alia, aristocrats, slaves, soldiers, rhetoricians, playwrights, sophists, pre-Socratic philosophers, and, in the Apology, a large assembly of jurors. Really didn’t mean anything by using balderdash. 8. The dialogue is set on the Greek island of Crete in the 4th century B.C.E. II. Plato was the innovator of the written dialogue and dialectic forms in philosophy. All the sailors try to convince the owner to give control of the ship over to them, and whoever convinces him becomes the navigator or captain. This raises the vexing issue of the value of democracy in an increasingly complex society. The presidential system we now use is clearly inferior to the parliamentary system used almost everywhere else. 427-347 B.C.E.) In either case, you would not feel good about the situation. Coming from a distinguished family - on his father’s side descending from Codrus, one of the early kings of Athens, and on his mother’s side from Solon, the prominent reformer of the Athenian constitution - he was naturally destined to take an active role in political life… In Plato's Republic, Socrates is highly critical of democracy and proposes an aristocracy ruled by philosopher-kings. I. And if you want to understand the science of climate change, you would consult a climate scientist, not a scientifically illiterate politician. Plato's political philosophy has thus often been considered totalitarian. In the Republic, the character of Socrates outlines an ideal city-state which he calls 'Kallipolis'. Plato’s dialogues are not just great works of philosophy; they are also recognized as great literary works as well. While Plato wrote in dialogue form—in large part because he … Plato lists three classes in his ideal society. This second argument was nullified by the two-party system. was an Athenian philosopher who is widely recognized among the most important philosophers of the Western world. Take a second to support Dr John Messerly on Patreon! To identify moral individuals we might use Plato’s model of observing people for many years to assess their moral virtue, or we may prefer the one used for centuries in ancient China—the Imperial Exams. However, I am astonished that you (of all people) have come off your own well laid rails: i.e., “balderdash”?!? But I can imagine one scheme that might help. By coincidence, CGP Grey just released a video on his YouTube channel summarizing the thesis of a modern day revisiting of “The Prince,” called “The Dictator’s Handbook,” by Alastair Smith. D. A. Uriarte. III. Plato was a great philosopher as well as a teacher whose most renowned student, Aristotle, holds differing views. 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